Acid reflux can be managed through lifestyle changes, medications and in more severe cases surgery.

Lifestyle Advice

  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid aggravating foods such as peppermint, tomato, chocolate, spices, hot drinks, coffee
  • Eat slowly and eat smaller meals and avoid lying down after meals
  • Avoid eating before bedtime
  • Reduce stress levels and anxiety
  • Weight reduction
  • Stop smoking
  • Raising of the head of the bed
  • Better posture

Medications

Medication options for acid reflux include:

  • Antacids e.g. Rennie: which works by counteracting the acidity in the stomach
  • Alginate-containing antacids e.g. Gaviscon: which form a ‘raft’ that floats on the surface of the stomach to reduce reflux and protect the esophagus
  • Histamine H2 receptor antagonists e.g. Zantac (Ranitidine): which reduce stomach acidity by stopping the action of histamine on cells which usually signal the release of stomach acid
  • Proton-pump inhibitors e.g. Omeprazole, Lansoprazole, Pantoprazole: which provide the most effective relief by inhibiting the enzyme of the cells in the stomach which usually releases stomach acid
Authored Dec 21, 2017 by Joseph Isaac, MPharm
Reviewed Dec 04, 2018 by Prabjeet Saundh, MPharm

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